European Position Determination System – InterRegional Co-operation
(Europin? pad?ties nustatymo sistema – tarpregioninis bendradarbiavimas)
EUPOS® (European Position Determination System) is a new European initiative of establishment of the multifunctional reference station system in Central and Eastern countries as an international project to establish a uniform ground based GNSS augmentation system of multifunctional permanently operating reference stations creating a satellite positioning infrastructure in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). The Project EUPOS® was initiated by the Berlin Senate Department for Urban Development and European Academy of the Urban Development Berlin. The project consists in establishment of about 900 multifunctional satellite reference stations in Central and Eastern Europe. Fifteen countries (Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Russian Federation, Serbia & Montenegro, Slovakia, Slovenia and Ukraine) intend to participate in the project. One common project standard set will be observed by all countries, however the project will include the existing or developed infrastructure in participating countries.
Experiences of all participating countries in establishing and operating satellite systems will also be used. The system will be compatible with the German network SAPOS and in future will use as main signal the signal of the European system Galileo. The network of reference stations will provide services for both positioning of the geodetic control points and for land, air and marine navigation. Several levels of positioning accuracy will be offered.
The European countries accepted with satisfaction the initiative of the Berlin Senate Department for Urban Development, supported by the European Academy of the Urban Environment (EA.UE), Berlin, Germany that suggested in March 2002 to organise in Berlin an international workshop/conference with the aim to discuss the possibilities and reality of establishment of the "multifunctional GNSS system of reference stations for Europe" that could be used for both geodetic point positioning and also for land, air and marine navigation. The conference was held in Berlin on 4-5 March 2002 and was attended by representatives of 16 countries of Central and Eastern Europe.
The participants of the Berlin workshop decided to form a founding/steering committee comprising participants from the countries represented at the workshop, with the goal of drawing up in the near future the basic principles concerning setting up multifunctional DGNSS reference station system in countries expressing an interest. Existing infrastructures and activities of particular countries should be incorporated. They have also decided that these multifunctional DGNSS reference station systems be realised in a short time frame and that the workshops on multi-functional DGNSS reference station systems for Europe are to be held on an annual basis enabling the necessary exchange of experience and information.
Nine working conferences of the (Founding) Steering Committee were held up to now. They are listed in Table 1. The conferences were devoted to discussions on practical aspects of establishment of a multi-functional network of GNSS reference stations in Central and Eastern European countries. It was decided that the Founding Committee would be renamed into the "Steering Committee" of the unified project called "European Position Determination System (EUPOS)". Last meeting of the International EUPOS® Steering Committee was organised in Budapest, Hungary on 23-24 November 2006.
The EUPOS® (European Position Determination System) initiative is a newly emerging European partnership of public administrations and institutes working in the field of geographic information, land surveying and geodetic survey. These public organisations have already made a substantial effort to bring together experts which are willing to considerably extend the scope of activity and to produce tangible results which have a positive effect on regional development. EUPOS-IRC is supported by public administrations in the EU from Germany, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland and from the third countries Bulgaria, Romania, Russia, Serbia and Ukraine. Aim of EUPOS-IRC is to promote the use of the satellite positioning and geoinformation services of EUPOS for all regional development tasks that need to position their information. Therefore a long-term co-operation between the partner institutions and experts for regional development will be established.
The operation will establish a network of EUPOS®-IRC Know-how Offices providing relevant information concerning satellite positioning applications. These Know-how Offices will have the task to identify regional policy experts and stakeholders in order to prepare a common strategy to use geoinformation based applications with benefits for the regional development. Goal is also to prepare the establishment of National EUPOS®-IRC Service Centres in order to ensure the know-how provision and the interdisciplinary information exchange for long-term. There are several fields in which satellite positioning can contribute to a sustainable regional development, e.g. urban and rural planning, traffic management, environmental protection, disaster management for example in the case of floods, land surveying, cadastre management, cartography or GIS applications. Those applications of the EUPOS®-IRC services that have a significant impact for the regions in various sectors of regional development shall be identified as well as the respective grounds for investments. Sustainable applications development, training of technical and regional development experts as well as attracting private and public investments will be promoted. EUPOS®-IRC will prepare demonstration pilots which show the relevance of the technologies for the regional development. One regional user workshop, study visits and a training course will take place facing the special situation in the partner countries. The possible members of a Regional Policy Board (RPB), which shall guarantee that the activities of EUPOS®-IRC are put long-term in relation to regional development activities, will be identified and it is striven to have a first RPB meeting. The operation will be presented on the internet and using a brochure. The operation will support the integration of the new Member States into the EU and the cooperation with the third countries by promoting the common use of satellite positioning technology in a compatible way.